Research spotlight

Are there only winners? Labour mobility for sustainable development in the Pacific

Yvonne Underhill-Sem, Evelyn Marsters, Richard Bedford, Vijay Naidu and Ward Friesen

New Zealand Institute for Pacific Research, 2019

The aim of this study is to provide a critical analysis of research and policy tools used for managing Pacific seasonal labour mobility and to assess the effects of specific policy initiatives within specific economic sectors, and countries, that are affected by labour mobility schemes. The study proposes a new framework for labour mobility—a “quadruple win-loss” (rather than “triple win”) that underpins most of the policy commentary. Read more …

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Home and away labour mobility report – Chapter 1

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Labour migration is on the rise worldwide notwithstanding stringent restrictions on international labour mobility that impose a far greater burden on the global economy than trade restrictions. In recognition, government...

Labour migration is on the rise worldwide notwithstanding stringent restrictions on international labour mobility that impose a far greater burden on the global economy than trade restrictions. In recognition, government policy on migration needs to explicitly incorporate the economic impact of migration to both host and sending nations, in addition to security and social issues that traditionally dominate such assessments. The purpose of this report is to enable a more meaningful discussion of the economic issues of migration in the Pacific context than has been possible to date.

Optimising development benefits from international labour migration in Tuvalu: Current status and recommended actions

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06/2015

This report discusses the current status and recommended actions for optimising development benefits from international labour migration in Tuvalu.

This report discusses the current status and recommended actions for optimising development benefits from international labour migration in Tuvalu.

The fruit of her labour: Promoting gender-equitable agribusiness in Papua New Guinea

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06/2014

The overall goal of this report is to assist the World Bank Group (WBG) to achieve greater impact for women from its current activities in agribusiness in Papua New Guinea...

The overall goal of this report is to assist the World Bank Group (WBG) to achieve greater impact for women from its current activities in agribusiness in Papua New Guinea (PNG), and to provide clear recommendations on additional interventions aimed at improving outcomes for women. The report focuses on the supply chains for coffee, cocoa, and horticultural products (fresh produce), as there is a wealth of knowledge on these supply chains and on gender issues, and these provide the best opportunity to identify entry points for follow-up activities. Given the importance of smallholders in PNG, and the need to understand gender dynamics in farming, this report pays particular attention to the roles and constraints faced by smallholders, without in so doing wishing to diminish the importance of the roles played by other actors in these supply chains.

Migration and labour mobility from Kiribati

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03/2017

The aim of this discussion paper is to provide a summary of past and present migration flows in light of the environmental and developmental challenges faced by Kiribati. In Kiribati,...

The aim of this discussion paper is to provide a summary of past and present migration flows in light of the environmental and developmental challenges faced by Kiribati. In Kiribati, “migration with dignity” is seen as a climate change adaptation strategy that has been promoted at the highest political level. Yet, in contrast to several other Pacific island countries, there is a lack of migration opportunities for I-Kiribati despite strong migration pressures. Few I-Kiribati have migrated and settled overseas. The National Labour Migration Policy which was adopted in 2015 and is being implemented aims to create an integrated strategy for all stages of the labour migration process. It is a step towards increasing labour migration opportunities and enhancing the benefits from overseas employment.

Final evaluation of the Pacific Seasonal Worker Pilot Scheme

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09/2011

This document is the final evaluation of the domestic settings of the Pacific Seasonal Worker Pilot Scheme conducted by TNS Australia for the Australian government. A separate evaluation managed by...

This document is the final evaluation of the domestic settings of the Pacific Seasonal Worker Pilot Scheme conducted by TNS Australia for the Australian government. A separate evaluation managed by AusAID and conducted by the World Bank assessed the developmental impact of the pilot. The evaluation does not reflect the views of the Australian government. The evaluation is one of several sources of information that the government relies on in formulating its policies.

Strengthening Pacific Partnership and Vakameasina evaluation

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09/2016

This evaluation sought to draw out key lessons learned from the implementation of two Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade (MFAT) funded programmes that support the New Zealand Government's Recognised...

This evaluation sought to draw out key lessons learned from the implementation of two Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade (MFAT) funded programmes that support the New Zealand Government's Recognised Seasonal Employer (RSE) Policy targetting Pacific workers: the Strengthening Pacific Partnerships (SPP) programme implemented by the Ministry of Business Innovation and Employment (MBIE) and the RSE Worker Training Initiative (known as Vakameasina) implemented by Fruition Horticulture.